Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations and the safest country to visit. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, cobalt blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park. As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts of unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.
MONGOLIA BASIC INFORMATION
AREA:1,566,000 sq km (610,740 sq mi)
LAND BOUNDARIES:8,158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km
AVERAGE ALTITUDE:1,580 m above sea-level
TERRAIN:Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest,
Gobi Desert in southeast
PEOPLE:Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian
LANGUAGES:Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in the Ulaanbaatar.
RELIGIONS:Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
CLIMATE:Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.
POLITICAL SYSTEM:Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years. Present President Elbegdorj Tsahia, elected in 2013. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years. Present Prime Minister Mr. Erdenebat Jargaltulga was appointed in 2016.
LEGISLATURE:State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years. The last election was held in 2016.
JUDICIAL SYSTEM:Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
STATE STRUCTURE:Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.
NATIONAL CURRENCY:Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 2463 = USD 1 (by JAN 2017)
FISCAL YEAR:January 1 - December 31
MAIN ENTRY POINTS:Chinggis Khaan (airport in Ulaanbaatar ), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)
SEA ACCESS:Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS:December 31- January 1 - New Year 3 days, in January/February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), June 1 - Mother and Child day, July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam festival)
TIME:Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
NORMAL WORKING HOURS:09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00
ELECTRIC CURRENT:220 volts/50 HZ
WEIGHT AND MEASURES:Metric System
VISA ARRANGEMENTS:Visa shall be issued by MongoliaEmbassies and Diplomatic Missions as well as Honorary consuls of Mongolia , or can be obtained at the airport at a cost of US$53 but must be accompanied by an invitation